This topic must have ushered in countless discussions over the distinct features of the respective each and yet never resulting in a conclusion. Nevertheless, we too shall discuss a few, if not all the features of these two Operating Systems.
A little over a decade ago, there were quite a few players in the realm of mobile platforms including Microsoft Windows, Nokia’s Symbian and the Blackberry OS. However, over the years the performances of other Operating Systems faded away leaving just Google’s Android and Apples’ IOS as the prime players of the field.
Ever wonder why is that? Well, the first and foremost point that comes to mind regarding the usage of these operating systems is the ease of use/simple user interface.
When the iPhone debuted over a decade ago in the mobile industry competing against Microsoft Windows and Nokia’s Symbian, it just swooped away from the market with its user-friendly Interface. The ability to multitask, options for customization, the never ceasing processing capability of the IOS (at least in that day and age), navigation, file managing, organization apps, widgets etc are the few features that instantly made the OS click with the public. Same is the case with Android, as it launched with its even more easy to use UI, Google made it clear that “Android” is her to stay. What made Android so popular were its unlimited capabilities of customization.
For those of you who love customizing the way the OS appears, Android has a plethora of options when it comes to aesthetical modifications. If you wanted to possess the capabilities to customize your computers, tablets, and phones to fit your needs then Android is the answer. Cannot say the same for IOS though. IOS permits the client to change an iPhone’s book size, revamp your home-screen symbols, introduce outsider consoles, and add some fundamental gadgets to the Notification Center, Control Center, and home screen. You can even modify the way your application symbols look, with some exertion. With all that, more or less all the products of Apple have pretty much similar aesthetical outlook.
Android offers comparable customizations, however it is likewise conceivable to totally supplant your gadget’s home screen with quite a few adaptable, adjustable application launchers. Android likewise permits you to pick your own default applications for taking care of various undertakings or sorts of records. To perform these Android OS functions in an IOS would require one to jailbreak the IOS, which is not very advisable, and not to mention that it totally defeats the purpose of owning an Apple product. Now that we are talking about ownership, let us discuss the affordability of Android OS and IOS products.
One of the significant reasons for Android IOS to have acquired such an enormous marketplace on par with IOS is its affordability in its products. Apple’s IOS mobiles are labeled with a very steep price tag beginning at $1000 . Granted it’s an appealing design and build for a mobile phone but the features that the mobile comes packed with are pretty much similar to that of a $200 mobile phone from other manufacturers( Samsung, Vivo, Oppo and the like). Nowadays owning an Iphone is more of a symbol of status quo and that’s obviously because of the price and the popularity it has garnered among the elites. Android OS handsets, on the other hand are being developed by multiple companies, thanks to Google’s Open Handset alliance as it paved the way to more innovation and affirmative competition across the mobile industry parallel.
Google’s Android has all collaborated up with the OS developers resulting in the release of Funtouch OS, Colour OS, Realme UI, HTC Sense, Blackberry secure, CopperheadOS, Fire OS etc using the foundational principles of Android OS. This is why Android OS mobiles have a larger market share when it comes to product consumption. One can purchase Android OS phones for as low as $150 and for as expensive as $1000 from many varying manufacturers with varying features.
This attribute of Android OS is primarily the reason why it appeals to wider masses from all financial backgrounds. However, even after presenting these features of Android OS, an Apple product fanatic will immediately put up counter argument saying that Apple products are digitally more secure. To understand an Apple user’s point of view here, we need to familiarize ourselves with concepts of closed systems and open systems.
In the circle of mobile consumers, IOS is widely considered more secure than Android OS and that is because IOS is a closed operating system. Apple OS has always and will be proprietary. Apple does not engage in collaboration with app developers and never reveals its source code in the public domain making it almost impossible for developers and owners to modify the source code. This disables hackers from identifying vulnerabilities in Apple’s operating system.
Android OS is the complete opposite of closed system, it is an open system meaning that depends on the active exchange of open source code. This gives the developer the ability to modify the source code of their respective devices and also use the code to develop apps that can be introduced in Google’ play store. Too much modification and you might tamper the device’s security causing all kinds of breach of data. With that said, it is not that IOS is hack proof, it is just that with Android’s global popularity many devices are powered with its OS putting it at risk of being targeted among cybercriminals and hackers.
During the early days of Apple OS, its market place was scarcely populated with apps giving Android OS the extra edge over IOS. Now with about 2.2 million apps on the Apple app store, the risk of downloading a rogue app or malicious software is higher just as it is the case with Google Playstore at 2.8 million apps. So, at the end, it is up to the user to maintain the security of the device by downloading data from trusted sources only.
One other debatable topic about these 2 Operating systems would be their navigation capabilities. Google has had about a decade and half experience in this field making it the pioneering firm in navigation whereas Apple Maps kicked off later in the year 2012. The appearances are somewhat similar in a single glance however; the graphics on Google maps are much more realistic than Apple maps as they use vector graphics. On zooming, in Google maps, it gives information about the nearby locations in the region whereas the Apple maps show more locations. Google maps provides the user the ability to report an accident or a traffic jam enabling the app to present real time arrival estimation and shorter or alternative route directions to the user.
Google maps, under default privacy controls, allow apps to collect information regarding search history or location for updating their available database thereby improving their navigational accuracy. Apple Maps on the other hand has a stringent set of rules regarding user privacy, which makes data inaccessible to apps. The same, can be done on Google Maps by changing the settings; a user can prevent apps from collecting data. For now, Google reigns with its navigational prowess but Apple has made statements that it will improve its Mapping tech with the release of iOS14.
Finally let me elaborate on Cloud Integration and Software updates of both the operating systems.
Cloud integration service of Apple OS is called iCloud and the cloud service of Android OS is called Google Drive. Both the services offer introductory storage space, 5 GB in the case of iCloud and 15 GB space is offered by Google Drive. Any extra storage necessities will be charged as needed. In terms of security both the services have a robust security framework, iCloud uses 128-bit AES encryption for drive security and the cloud sessions are encrypted with TLS 1.2(transport layer security an upgrade of SSL cryptographic protocol).
Maintaining the conformity of the industry, iCloud does not encrypt data stored on IMAP servers. Google Drive uses HTTPS for all of its activities which enables identifying potential risks of data breach and corruption. Google Drive offers two-step verification for accessing stored data and similarly like iCloud, it uses 128-bit AES encryption.
Many iCloud users have mentioned experiencing trouble connecting to iCloud usually while trying to sign in or sync data. One other problem is that sometimes iCloud does not sync data across all the other apple devices making it very difficult to work on different devices.
In the case of Google Drive, Android OS is very well integrated with Google applications and services making it very simple to use yet productive. The Google Drive’s efficiency can be credited to the massive server presence. Hence, it is safe to say that Google Drive is the one when it comes to cloud integration.
Speaking of software updates, Apple has maintained a steady distribution of software updates among all functioning models of various Apple devices. This is precisely what enables iphone 7 to function even after 5 years of its launch. It has been widely reported that even after 5-6 years of an Apple device launch, the model tends to function and that is because of the timely release of software updates. This can also be held as an explanation as to why Apple products have a greater resale value.
Android OS, in this one parameter is lacking, as it has become a common practice by all Android device manufacturers to stop sending out software updates to devices that are older than 2 or 3 years. This makes the device slower or unresponsive. I do not think that this practice is going to change anytime soon. I am assuming that since there are so many manufacturers producing many models of devices, to maintain a steady economic rise and an active competition they deliberately stop sending out updates for older devices; in turn stimulating the market for consumption for their newer models.
To conclude with this thread of discussion, both the OS are completely reliable, sturdy and flexible which puts them at the top of their game and one can expect more innovation in the future from them. As for me, I look for affordable and efficient functionality from any device so it is obvious that I would opt for an Android OS powered device. However, if I ever feel like being extravagant and want to add luxe to my material possessions, I will definitely go for an Apple product.